Limited energy access constrains the opportunities of up to 1.5 billion people worldwide. Most rural villages in East Malaysia are not grid connected, and rely heavily on high-cost diesel fuel for electricity and transportation. State plans for a series of mega-dams have dramatically raised the profile of these communities and the stakes in local energy services versus a larger development agenda. We examine village energy access in the Baram Basin, Malaysia using a hybrid energy resource optimization framework. We find least cost options for energy services come from a mixture of locally managed small-scale hydroelectricity, biogas generators and accompanying batteries.
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