The new rush to discover and exploit hydrocarbon resources in West Africa, and particularly in the Gulf of Guinea, has raised hopes in the affected countries for new petroleum wealth and economic development. History shows, however, that major oil and gas discoveries have a very mixed record, at best, in terms of societal gains and political stability. This article therefore assesses the macroeconomic and governance implications of the recent oil and gas rush in West Africa. Clearly, sound management of the resource revenues will be crucial in national efforts to tackle poverty and promote socio-economic development.
Meeting the State of California’s 2050 target of 80% lower greenhouse
gas emissions (GHG) from a 1990 baseline is a challenging goal that cannot be met
without a portfolio of measures and strategies that span both energy demand and
This study focuses on energy emissions with the target of reducing
energy emissions by 80% relative to 1990 energy emissions. Meeting the 2050 target
requires both a sustained commitment to aggressively develop existing technologies
as well as an aggressive and sustained policy commitment to reshape and ultimately
transform the state’s energy system. The
2050 GHG target for California appears achievable, but requires significant changes
in the way we produce energy, deliver energy services, and utilize energy.
Our 2050 Base Case energy system has four critical elements:
- aggressive energy efficiency across all sectors (at technical
potential levels for buildings and industry);
- clean or low-carbon electricity;
- electrification of vehicles as well as buildings and to a lesser
extent, industry heat; and
- low-carbon biofuels.
The Mekong Region Power Sector Working Group collaborates with government agencies, non-profit organizations, universities, businesses and to analyze electricity planning and policy from a public interest perspective. The group identifies and analyzes steps to ensure that transformations in the region's electricity sector are economically rational, and that they augment, rather than undermine, social and environmental justice and sustainability.
The working group's areas technology areas of focus include stepped up integration of energy efficiency, renewable energy, and efficient cogeneration into the region's largely conventional natural gas and hydropower-based generation and transmission networks. Grounded in a solid historical understanding of power sector development in the region, the group's analysis includes regional power trading; environmental analysis of impacts of coal, natural gas, hydropower generation; analysis of planning practices; and analysis of technical, regulatory, and political barriers to sustainable energy infrastructure choices