Latest Posts

  1. An innovation-​​focused roadmap for a sustainable global photovoltaic industry

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    http://​pvide​alab​.berke​ley​.edu/​i​n​n​o​v​a​t​i​o​n​_​i​n​_​P​V​_​i​n​d​u​s​t​r​y​.​h​tml

    In this paper, we col­lected a com­pre­hen­sive dataset of the PV indus­try dur­ing 2000–2012, and framed the data in per­spec­tives. By exam­in­ing the cur­rent indus­try sta­tus, we devel­oped a set of pol­icy rec­om­men­da­tions for a sus­tain­able global PV indus­try going forward.

  2. UC’s investments in fossil fuels are hurting the planet (Daily Cal)

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    http://​www​.dai​ly​cal​.org/​2​0​1​3​/​1​2​/​0​3​/​u​c​-​i​n​v​e​s​t​m​e​n​t​s​-​f​o​s​s​i​l​-​f​u​e​l​s​-​h​u​r​t​i​n​g​-​p​l​a​n​et/

    Today, UC Berke­ley and most insti­tu­tions are finan­cially invested in destroy­ing our future.

    This may sound a lit­tle bit sur­pris­ing to some — even unfounded. Let me explain. When it comes to cli­mate change, the sci­en­tific com­mu­nity has pre­sented a clear, unam­bigu­ous mes­sage: Human burn­ing of fos­sil fuels — coal, oil and nat­ural gas — is putting our world at risk.

  3. E360 Comment: Why the Fossil Fuel Divestment Movement Will Succeed

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    http://​e360​.yale​.edu/​E​3​6​0​_​C​o​m​m​e​n​t​_​W​h​y​_​t​h​e​_​F​o​s​s​i​l​_​F​u​e​l​_​D​i​v​e​s​t​m​e​n​t​_​M​o​v​e​m​e​n​t​_​W​i​l​l​_​S​u​c​c​e​e​d​.​msp

    Sci­en­tists Charles H. Greene, of Cor­nell Uni­ver­sity, and Daniel M. Kam­men, of the Uni­ver­sity of Cal­i­for­nia, Berke­ley, offer this com­men­tary on the recent Yale Envi­ron­ment 360 Point/​Counterpoint arti­cles by Bob Massie and Robert N. Stavins on the fos­sil fuel divest­ment movement.

  4. Igniting Protest: Will UC Make History By Pulling the Plug on Fossil Fuel Investments?

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    http://alumni.berkeley.edu/california-magazine/just-in/2014–04-26/igniting-protest-will-uc-make-history-pulling-plug-fossil

    When 29-​​year-​​old UC Berke­ley stu­dent Ophir Bruck spot­ted Sherry Lans­ing, the for­mer CEO of Para­mount Pic­tures, on her way to a Uni­ver­sity of Cal­i­for­nia Regents meet­ing, he was hold­ing on to a key that he hoped she wouldn’t refuse.

  5. Professor Kammen Guest on KALW – Your Call: How will Gov. Jerry Brown’s green energy goals transform CA?

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    On the Jan­u­ary 15th edi­tion of Your Call, we’ll have a con­ver­sa­tion about how California’s plan to get half of its elec­tric­ity from renew­able sources will trans­form the state’s energy land­scape? On the next Your Call, we’ll have a con­ver­sa­tion about Gov­er­nor Jerry Brown’s ambi­tious plan to reduce petro­leum in cars and trucks by up to 50 per­cent and dou­ble the effi­ciency of exist­ing build­ings. What does this mean for the renew­able indus­try and what’s in store for California’s energy future? Join the con­ver­sa­tion on the next Your Call, with me, Rose Aguilar, and you.

    Guests:

    Daniel Kam­men, pro­fes­sor of energy at UC, Berkeley

    Peter Miller, senior sci­en­tist in the energy and trans­porta­tion pro­gram at the Nat­ural Resources Defense Council

    Link: http://​kalw​.org/​p​o​s​t​/​y​o​u​r​-​c​a​l​l​-​h​o​w​-​w​i​l​l​-​g​o​v​-​j​e​r​r​y​-​b​r​o​w​n​s​-​g​r​e​e​n​-​e​n​e​r​g​y​-​g​o​a​l​s​-​t​r​a​n​s​f​o​r​m​-ca

  6. Electricity from biomass with carbon capture could make western U.S. carbon-​​negative

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    Cov­er­age of the recent paper in Nature Cli­mate Change

    Gen­er­at­ing elec­tric­ity from bio­mass, such as urban waste and sustainably-​​sourced for­est and crop residues, is one strat­egy for reduc­ing green­house gas emis­sions, because it is carbon-​​neutral: it pro­duces as much car­bon as the plants suck out of the atmos­phere.  To read more, see:

    http://​news​cen​ter​.berke​ley​.edu/​2​0​1​5​/​0​2​/​0​9​/​e​l​e​c​t​r​i​c​i​t​y​-​f​r​o​m​-​b​i​o​m​a​s​s​-​w​i​t​h​-​c​a​r​b​o​n​-​c​a​p​t​u​r​e​-​c​o​u​l​d​-​m​a​k​e​-​w​e​s​t​e​r​n​-​u​-​s​-​c​a​r​b​o​n​-​n​e​g​a​t​i​ve/

     

    Cita­tion:

    Sanchez, Daniel L., Nel­son, James H., John­ston, J., Mil­eva, A., and Daniel M. Kam­men (2015) “Bio­mass Enables the Tran­si­tion to a Carbon-​​negative Power Sys­tem Across West­ern North Amer­ica”, Nature Cli­mate Change, in press. DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2488

     

  7. Land use for sustainable energy

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    Fea­tured in the Wash­ing­ton Post, KCET​.org, ECN​mag​.com, Grist​.org, Com​put​er​World​.org, and Green­Tech­Me­dia, and #1 “Trend­ing Online” and “Most Read” Arti­cle in Nature Cli­mate Change

    Wash­ing­ton, D.C.— In the face of global cli­mate change, increas­ing the use of renew­able energy resources is one of the most urgent chal­lenges fac­ing the world. Fur­ther devel­op­ment of one resource, solar energy, is com­pli­cated by the need to find space Mapfor solar power-​​generating equip­ment with­out sig­nif­i­cantly alter­ing the sur­round­ing environment.

    New work from Carnegie’s Dr. Rebecca R. Her­nan­dez (now at Uni­ver­sity of Cal­i­for­nia Berkley), Madi­son K. Hof­facker, and Dr. Christo­pher B. Field found that the amount of energy that could be gen­er­ated from solar equip­ment con­structed on and around exist­ing infra­struc­ture in Cal­i­for­nia would exceed the state’s demand by up to five times. It is pub­lished by Nature Cli­mate Change.

    Inte­grat­ing solar facil­i­ties into the urban and sub­ur­ban envi­ron­ment causes the least amount of land-​​cover change and the low­est envi­ron­men­tal impact,” Her­nan­dez explained.

    Just over 8 per­cent of all of the ter­res­trial sur­faces in Cal­i­for­nia have been devel­oped by humans—from cities and build­ings to park spaces. Res­i­den­tial and com­mer­cial rooftops present plenty of oppor­tu­nity for power gen­er­a­tion through small– and utility-​​scale solar power instal­la­tions. Other com­pat­i­ble oppor­tu­ni­ties are avail­able in open urban spaces such as parks.

    Like­wise, there is oppor­tu­nity for addi­tional solar con­struc­tion in unde­vel­oped sites that are not eco­log­i­cally sen­si­tive or fed­er­ally pro­tected, such as degraded lands.

    Because of the value of locat­ing solar power-​​generating oper­a­tions near roads and exist­ing trans­mis­sion lines, our tool iden­ti­fies poten­tially com­pat­i­ble sites that are not remote, show­ing that instal­la­tions do not nec­es­sar­ily have to be located in deserts,” Her­nan­dez said.

    This study included two kinds of solar tech­nolo­gies, pho­to­voltaics, which use semi­con­duc­tors and are sim­i­lar to the solar pan­els found in con­sumer elec­tron­ics, and con­cen­trat­ing solar power, which uses enor­mous curved mir­rors to focus the sun’s rays. A mix of both options would be pos­si­ble, as best suits each par­tic­u­lar area of instal­la­tion, whether it is on a rooftop, in a park, on degraded lands, or any­where else deemed com­pat­i­ble or poten­tially com­pat­i­ble. They found that small– and utility-​​scale solar power could gen­er­ate up to 15,000 terawatt-​​hours of energy per year using pho­to­voltaic tech­nol­ogy and 6,000 terrawatt-​​hours of energy per year using con­cen­trat­ing solar power technology.

    Over­all the team found that Cal­i­for­nia has about 6.7 mil­lion acres (27, 286 square kilo­me­ters) of land that is com­pat­i­ble for pho­to­voltaic solar con­struc­tion and about 1.6 mil­lion acres (6,274 square kilo­me­ters) com­pat­i­ble for con­cen­trat­ing solar power. There is also an addi­tional 13.8 mil­lion acres (55,733 square kilo­me­ters) that is poten­tially com­pat­i­ble for pho­to­voltaic solar energy devel­op­ment with min­i­mal envi­ron­men­tal impact and 6.7 mil­lion acres (27,215 square kilo­me­ters) also poten­tially com­pat­i­ble for con­cen­trat­ing solar power development.

    The team’s work shows it is pos­si­ble to sub­stan­tially increase the frac­tion of California’s energy needs met by solar, with­out con­vert­ing nat­ural habi­tat and caus­ing adverse envi­ron­men­tal impact and with­out mov­ing solar instal­la­tions to loca­tions remote from the consumers.

    As Cal­i­for­nia works to meet require­ments that 33 per­cent of retail elec­tric­ity be pro­vided by renew­able sources by 2020 and that greenhouse-​​gas emis­sions be 80 per­cent below 1990 lev­els by 2050, our research can help pol­i­cy­mak­ers, devel­op­ers, and energy stake­hold­ers make informed deci­sions,” said Field, direc­tor of Carnegie’s Depart­ment of Global Ecol­ogy. “Fur­ther­more, our find­ings have impli­ca­tions for other states and coun­tries with sim­i­larly pre­cious envi­ron­men­tal resources and infra­struc­tural constraints.”

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