The report examines different alternative energies in the context of a growing demand for energy in the Malaysian state of Sabah on the island of Borneo. Confronted with an estimated rise of 7% in electricity demand per year, the construction of coal and gas fired power plants currently are debated by the electric utility company Sabah Electricity Sdn. Bhd (SESB). The report explores viable alternatives of investments in increased energy efficiency, alternate palm oil waste bioenergy, geothermal energy, run-of-the river hydro facilities and in the long run solar power which can meet the rising demand as well. With costs comparable to those of the fossil fuel scenario Sabah could position itself as a renewable energy leader in East Asia.