Climate change mitigation and co-benefits of feasible transport demand policies in Beijing

TitleClimate change mitigation and co-benefits of feasible transport demand policies in Beijing
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsCreutzig FS, HE D
JournalTransportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment
Volume14
Issue2
Pagination120 - 131
Date Published03/2009
ISSN13619209
Keywordsclimate change mitigation, External costs, Road charging, Transport demand management, Urban transportation
Abstract

Urban car transportation is a cause of climate change but is also associated with additional burdens such as traffic congestion and air pollution. Studies of external costs and potential impacts of travel demand management help to define policy instruments that mitigate the damaging impact of transportation. Here, we analyze different externalities of car transportation in Beijing and show that social costs induced by motorized transportation are equivalent to about 7.5–15.0% of Beijing’s GDP. Congestion and air pollution contribute the most with climate change costs being the most uncertain. We show that a road charge could not only address congestion but also has environmental benefits. The paper investigates the role of demand elasticities and demonstrates that joint demand and supply-side policies provide considerable synergies.

DOI10.1016/j.trd.2008.11.007
Short TitleTransportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment
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