Archive of Topic: Climate change

Sustainability at the CLEW Nexus in Latin America

Emerg­ing economies will account for more than 90 per­cent of new energy-​​generation capac­ity by 2035, and Latin Amer­ica is no excep­tion to this trend. In the last 40 years, the region’s pri­mary energy demand has more than dou­bled. In a global envi­ron­ment of increas­ingly volatile fuel prices, emerg­ing tech­nolo­gies, and climate-​​change impacts, the con­tin­ued increase in demand presents chal­lenges and oppor­tu­ni­ties to Latin Amer­ica and the Caribbean. To man­age the next phase of devel­op­ment, the region’s gov­ern­ments will need to develop new energy sources and pay more atten­tion to sustainability.

Kam­men and stu­dents (Juan Pablo Car­vallo, Diego Ponce de Leon Barido and Rebekah Shirley) dis­cussed strate­gies to design and eval­u­ate pro­grams for man­ag­ing energy and other resources in the region both as a speaker panel for the Cen­ter for Latin Amer­i­can Stud­ies at UC Berke­ley and in a new pub­li­ca­tion on inte­grated tools for build­ing low-​​carbon economies in Latin Amer­ica and the Caribbean.

Our researchers also delve into the spe­cific case study of Nicaragua along with Ful­bright Nexus Fel­lows 2012–2013. This group explored three case stud­ies at the national, regional and com­mu­nity lev­els in Nicaragua: bread­fruit and food inse­cu­rity; rain­wa­ter har­vest­ing on the Pacific coast; and, bio-​​energy pro­duc­tion from agri­cul­tural waste. This research shows the increas­ing need to see the cli­mate, land, energy, and water (CLEW) sec­tors as inter­re­lated, and to proac­tively plan pol­icy with these inter­con­nec­tions in mind. Nicaragua’s oppor­tu­ni­ties for sus­tain­able devel­op­ment within a CLEW nexus frame­work are suf­fi­ciently large that the coun­try could well become an exam­ple of wise nat­ural resource use for Latin Amer­ica and the world.

 

Press release on our work with bio­gas digesters in Mexico: 

Fusion, March 24, 2014. These stu­dents have bold ideas on how to make renew­able energy more acces­si­ble

 

Arti­cle, full video and pho­tos from our panel dis­cus­sion with CLAS:

Cen­ter for Latin Amer­i­can Stud­ies. Feb­ru­ary 10, 2014. Sus­tain­able Energy Sys­tems in Latin Amer­ica and the Caribbean

 

Read more about our involve­ment in the Ful­bright Regional Net­work for Applied Research (NEXUS) Pro­gram 2012–2013.

 

Stakeholders in climate science: beyond lip service?

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Stake­hold­ers in cli­mate sci­ence: beyond lip service?

As part of an ongo­ing col­lab­o­ra­tion, the team of

Nicole L. Klenk, Katie Mee­han, San­dra Lee Pinel, Fabian Mendez, Pablo Tor­res Lima, and Daniel M. Kam­men 

have pro­duced a paper that appeared in Sci­ence on Novem­ber 13, 2015.  You can down­load the:

Sum­mary here for free (open access, by spe­cial permission),

Reprint here for free (open access, by spe­cial permission),

and the

Full text here for free (open access, by spe­cial permission).

For this we thank the AAAS and Sci­ence Magazine.

A key part of this project is to col­lect infor­ma­tion and to build a com­mu­nity of prac­ti­tioner groups that at share their expe­ri­ences and needs in access­ing, using , and find­ing sup­port in inte­grat­ing cli­mate infor­ma­tion in their operations.

We ask you to read the paper and review the table below of exam­ple groups, and to con­sider both shar­ing this with groups who you know who have lessons to share, and for those who can upload their infor­ma­tion and to down­load the infor­ma­tion on what these groups are doing.

We will update the table of groups reg­u­larly as more orga­ni­za­tions share their data.  You can view and down­load that data below.

We also invite you feed­back on other infor­ma­tion you would like to have col­lected and shared in the process.

 

 

 

 

Stake­hold­ers List+ Add Your Network
To enter your orga­ni­za­tion in our Stake­hold­ers in Sci­ence data­base please fill out the form below or on a sep­a­rate page.

You can also down­load the spread­sheet here.

 

ABOUT THE AUTHORS:

Nicole L. Klenk, Katie Mee­han, San­dra Lee Pinel, Fabian Mendez, Pablo Tor­res Limaand Daniel M. Kammen

 

Nicole Klenk’s research exam­ines the role of (envi­ron­men­tal) sci­ence in soci­ety, the science-​​policy inter­face, the pol­i­tics of knowl­edge co-​​production, mobi­liza­tion and appli­ca­tion, and new modes of envi­ron­men­tal gov­er­nance. Her research is mostly sit­u­ated in the inter­pre­tive social sci­ences and her the­o­ret­i­cal ori­en­ta­tion is inter­dis­ci­pli­nary, draw­ing from sci­ence stud­ies, post-​​structuralist polit­i­cal the­ory, and prag­ma­tism.  Her areas of focus are forestry, bio­di­ver­sity con­ser­va­tion and cli­mate change adaptation.

Email: nicole.​klenk@​utoronto.​ca

 

Fabian Mendez, physi­cian and PhD in Epi­demi­ol­ogy, is full time pro­fes­sor and head of the School of Pub­lic Health at the Uni­ver­si­dad del Valle in Cali, Colom­bia. His research inter­ests focus in the com­plex rela­tion­ships between envi­ron­ment and health with inter­dis­ci­pli­nary approaches. He has devel­oped research in dif­fer­ent top­ics from vec­tor borne dis­eases to health effects of envi­ron­men­tal pol­lu­tants, and right now devel­ops a project to eval­u­ate health vul­ner­a­bil­ity to cli­mate change with a water­shed approach in an area of Colombia.

Email: fmendez@​grupogesp.​org

 

Katie Mee­han is assis­tant pro­fes­sor of Geog­ra­phy and co-​​director of the Sci­ence, Envi­ron­ment, and Soci­ety Lab at the Uni­ver­sity of Ore­gon. Her research and teach­ing inter­ests focus on water gov­er­nance, urban­iza­tion, the science-​​policy inter­face, and cli­mate change adap­ta­tion. Recent work, sup­ported by a Ful­bright NEXUS grant, exam­ines the spa­tial gov­er­nance chal­lenges asso­ci­ated with insti­tu­tion­al­iz­ing local knowl­edge and non-​​networked water sup­ply tech­nolo­gies in Mex­ico City

Email: meehan@​uoregon.​edu

 

San­dra Lee Pinel is a cer­ti­fied com­mu­nity and regional plan­ner (AICP) and SFAA mem­ber since 1988. PhD in Urban and Regional Plan­ning with minors in Anthro­pol­ogy and Latin Amer­i­can Stud­ies. Research on co-​​management and col­lab­o­ra­tive plan­ning with local and indige­nous com­mu­ni­ties and gov­ern­ment agen­cies. Assis­tant pro­fes­sor of sus­tain­able com­mu­nity and regional plan­ning at the Depart­ment of Con­ser­va­tion Social Sci­ences, U Idaho. Area focus includes Pueblo tribes in the South­west, Philip­pines, Peru, and north­ern United States pro­tected areas and com­mu­nity interface.

Email: sleepinel@​gmail.​com

 

Pablo Tor­res Lima Agron­o­mist spe­cial­ist in the areas of sus­tain­able devel­op­ment, social anthro­pol­ogy, regional devel­op­ment, envi­ron­men­tal design, agroe­col­ogy, farm­ing sys­tems and social organization.

Email: ptorres@​correo.​xoc.​uam.​mx

 

This project is sup­ported by the Ful­bright NEXUS Regional Fel­lows Pro­gram, for which Daniel Kam­men is a Co-​​Lead Scholar, and all of the other authors are 2014 — 2016 Fellows.

Bolliger, Ian

Ian is a National Defense Sci­ence and Engi­neer­ing Grad­u­ate Fel­low in the Energy and Resources Group and a mem­ber of the inau­gural “Envi­ron­ment and Soci­ety: Data Sci­ence for the 21st Cen­tury” National Sci­ence Foun­da­tion Research Trainee­ship (NRT) cohort. His research inter­ests lie at the inter­sec­tion of energy sys­tems, cli­mate change adap­ta­tion, and global health. He is a mem­ber of the Next Gen­er­a­tion Ecosys­tem Exper­i­ments Arc­tic team, inves­ti­gat­ing bio­geo­chem­i­cal fac­tors gov­ern­ing energy fluxes in arc­tic tun­dra envi­ron­ments from the plant scale to the model grid-​​cell scale. He is also inter­ested in devel­op­ing bet­ter tools for char­ac­ter­iz­ing sea­sonal snow­pack vari­a­tion, in order to improve fore­casts of stream­flow, water avail­abil­ity, and hydropower pro­duc­tion. Ian serves as project man­ager for Tiny House in My Back­yard, a stu­dent project to design and build mobile, afford­able, and sus­tain­able net-​​zero energy hous­ing on the Berke­ley Global Cam­pus. Prior to arriv­ing at UC Berke­ley, he received his BA from Har­vard Uni­ver­sity in Applied Math­e­mat­ics and spent three years mod­el­ing trends in global injury rates at the Insti­tute for Health Met­rics and Eval­u­a­tion. Out­side of acad­e­mia, Ian is a mem­ber of the Tahoe Back­coun­try Ski Patrol, and he writes about moun­tain adven­tures and envi­ron­men­tal issues on his blog at TheIn​er​tia​.com.

Avila, Nkiruka

Nkiruka Avila is a grad­u­ate stu­dent in the Energy and Resources Group at the Uni­ver­sity of Cal­i­for­nia, Berke­ley. She grad­u­ated with Summa cum Laude hon­ors in Petro­leum Engi­neer­ing from the Uni­ver­sity of Okla­homa. She has worked in var­i­ous sec­tors of the energy indus­try, from engi­neer­ing design and pro­duc­tion to end-​​use dis­tri­b­u­tion and mar­ket­ing. Her cur­rent research inter­ests include renew­able energy inte­gra­tion, sus­tain­able energy devel­op­ment and rural electrification.

Program on Conflict, Climate Change and Green Development

For a video sum­ma­riz­ing the pro­gram, click here.

The impacts of cli­mate change are already being felt across Africa, lead­ing to greater nat­ural resource scarcity, which has con­tributed to vio­lent con­flict in Dar­fur (Sudan), Mali, and Soma­lia, among oth­ers. This trend is likely to con­tinue, as Africa is pro­jected to be among geo­gra­phies most severely impacted by cli­mate change. Though the path­way from cli­mate change to greater nat­ural resource scarcity to vio­lence is not a direct one, the risks of con­flict will increase as liveli­hoods are threat­ened due to greater scarcity of food, water or arable land. With lower gov­ern­ment capac­i­ties and lim­ited fund­ing to adapt to cli­mate change impacts, and a rel­a­tively weak con­flict prevention/​resolution archi­tec­ture in place, cli­mate change is likely to have an increas­ingly impor­tant impact on future con­flicts in Africa.

This assess­ment neces­si­tates new pol­icy plan­ning and devel­op­ment think­ing. Despite the threats, the broader global inter­est in cli­mate change also presents sig­nif­i­cant oppor­tu­ni­ties to mobi­lize new inter­est and momen­tum for pro­mot­ing green devel­op­ment in Africa. This can con­tribute to an effec­tive con­flict pre­ven­tion strat­egy, and can also drive increased invest­ment and more diver­si­fied economies, improved gov­er­nance and devel­op­ment out­comes, and greater polit­i­cal sta­bil­ity. This project aims to build the the­o­ret­i­cal and prac­ti­cal case for a new model for green devel­op­ment, which can pro­vide both polit­i­cal and eco­nomic returns, while deliv­er­ing both cli­mate sen­si­tive and con­flict sen­si­tive development.

Our 3–5 year goal is to seed and sup­port a suc­cess­ful “green” pilot in a still to be selected geog­ra­phy in Africa. A suc­cess­ful pilot will require polit­i­cal buy-​​in and local polit­i­cal cham­pi­ons, as well as new exter­nal invest­ment to sup­port green devel­op­ment projects. This can serve as a model that helps demon­strate the polit­i­cal and eco­nomic poten­tial of a green approach, the eco­nomic poten­tial of a green frame­work to exter­nal investors, as well as effec­tive con­flict pre­ven­tion. It is our hope that the model, once proven, will be scal­able in other geographies.

Lipman, Timothy

Tim­o­thy E. Lip­man is an energy and envi­ron­men­tal tech­nol­ogy, eco­nom­ics, and pol­icy researcher and lec­turer with the Uni­ver­sity of Cal­i­for­nia — Berke­ley. He is serv­ing as Co-​​Director for the cam­pus’ Trans­porta­tion Sus­tain­abil­ity Research Cen­ter (TSRC), based at the Insti­tute of Trans­porta­tion Stud­ies, and also as Direc­tor of the U.S. Depart­ment of Energy Pacific Region Clean Energy Appli­ca­tion Cen­ter (PCEAC). Tim’s research focuses on electric-​​drive vehi­cles, fuel cell tech­nol­ogy, com­bined heat and power sys­tems, bio­fu­els, renew­able energy, and elec­tric­ity and hydro­gen energy sys­tems infrastructure.

Lip­man received his Ph.D. degree in Envi­ron­men­tal Pol­icy Analy­sis with the Grad­u­ate Group in Ecol­ogy at UC Davis (1999). He also has received an M.S. degree in the tech­nol­ogy track of the Grad­u­ate Group in Trans­porta­tion Tech­nol­ogy and Pol­icy, also at UC Davis (1998), and a B.A. from Stan­ford Uni­ver­sity (1990). His Ph.D. dis­ser­ta­tion titled “Zero-​​Emission Vehi­cle Sce­nario Cost Analy­sis Using A Fuzzy Set-​​Based Frame­work” received the Uni­ver­sity of Cal­i­for­nia Trans­porta­tion Center’s ‘Char­lie Wootan’ Ph.D. dis­ser­ta­tion award for 1999. He is also a 2005 Cli­mate Change Fel­low with the Woods Insti­tute at Stan­ford Uni­ver­sity, and he also received a 2004 Insti­tute of Trans­porta­tion Engi­neers ser­vice award, a 1998 NSF IGERT teach­ing fel­low­ship, a 1997 Uni­ver­sity of Cal­i­for­nia Trans­porta­tion Cen­ter Dis­ser­ta­tion Grant, a 1996 ENO Foun­da­tion Fel­low­ship, a 1995 Uni­ver­sity of Cal­i­for­nia Trans­porta­tion Cen­ter Dis­ser­ta­tion Grant, and a 1994 Chevron Foun­da­tion Fel­low­ship. A native of Golden, Col­orado, he grad­u­ated Cum Laude from Col­orado Acad­emy in 1986.

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