Archive of Topic: National and Multinational Energy Policy

Deborah Sunter

Join­ing RAEL in Octo­ber 2015:

Dr. Deb­o­rah A. Sunter is cur­rently a AAAS Sci­ence and Tech­nol­ogy Pol­icy Fel­low at the Depart­ment of Energy: Advanced Man­u­fac­tur­ing Office. Her cur­rent inter­ests include renew­able energy sys­tems, advanced man­u­fac­tur­ing tech­niques, and the inter­ac­tion of sci­ence and pol­icy in acad­e­mia, indus­try and government.

She received a B.S in Mechan­i­cal and Aero­space Engi­neer­ing at Cor­nell Uni­ver­sity. There she devel­oped a nanosatel­lite mis­sion that was suc­cess­fully launched into orbit. Although fas­ci­nated by aero­space appli­ca­tions, the time-​​critical issue of global warm­ing shifted her focus in grad­u­ate school to explore renew­able energy. Spe­cial­iz­ing in com­pu­ta­tional mod­el­ing of thermo-​​physics in mul­ti­phase sys­tems, she devel­oped a novel solar absorber tube and received her Ph.D. in Mechan­i­cal Engi­neer­ing at the Uni­ver­sity of Cal­i­for­nia, Berke­ley. The need for a global envi­ron­men­tal solu­tion led her to do research abroad in both Japan and China.

Dr. Sunter’s JHU email is dsunter1​@​jhu.​edu. She teaches 425.625 Solar Energy: Sci­ence, Tech­nol­ogy and Pol­icy.

Shiraishi, Kenji

Kenji is a Ph.D. stu­dent with the Gold­man School of Pub­lic Pol­icy and a researcher in the Renew­able and Appro­pri­ate Energy Lab­o­ra­tory. His cur­rent research inter­ests include empir­i­cal stud­ies and quan­ti­ta­tive mod­el­ing on the effec­tive­ness of renew­able energy poli­cies in devel­op­ing and devel­oped coun­tries for effec­tive deci­sion mak­ing. He is also inter­ested in devel­op­ing bet­ter tools for quan­ti­ta­tive assess­ment of the mul­ti­ple ben­e­fits of cli­mate poli­cies such as energy access, job cre­ation, and tech­nol­ogy devel­op­ment and transfer.

Kenji has more than 10 years of pro­fes­sional expe­ri­ences in the area of Japan’s and inter­na­tional envi­ron­men­tal poli­cies as a Deputy Direc­tor for Market-​​based Cli­mate Pol­icy of the Japan­ese Min­istry of the Envi­ron­ment, a Man­ag­ing Direc­tor of the Global Envi­ron­ment Cen­tre Foun­da­tion, etc. For exam­ple, he has spear­headed and man­aged var­i­ous gov­ern­ment energy incen­tive pro­grams for fund­ing energy effi­cient and renew­able energy projects in Japan as well as in South­east Asia and Africa under the Joint Cred­it­ing Mech­a­nism, bilat­eral coop­er­a­tion scheme between 14 coun­tries and Japan­ese Gov­ern­ment. He has also ini­ti­ated and led inter­na­tional coop­er­a­tion ini­tia­tives on envi­ron­men­tal pol­icy plan­ning, capac­ity build­ing, and tech­nol­ogy trans­fer focused on low-​​carbon city devel­op­ment with Japan­ese munic­i­pal­i­ties for Ho Chi Minh City (Viet­nam), Vien­tiane (Lao PDR), and other cities. He has nego­ti­ated at COP 18 and 19 of the UNFCCC as an inter­na­tional nego­tia­tor of the Japan­ese del­e­ga­tion on tech­nol­ogy trans­fer. Out­side of envi­ron­men­tal poli­cies, he is a cre­ator and a lead­ing trainer of pol­icy analy­sis train­ing courses for Japan­ese pol­icy professionals.

He holds an MPP with the Smolen­sky Prize (the Best Advanced Pol­icy Analy­sis (master’s the­sis)) from UC Berke­ley, for which Dan Kam­men was his APA advi­sor.  Kenji has a MEng and a BEng in Chem­i­cal Engi­neer­ing from Uni­ver­sity of Tokyo.

Clean Energy Solutions for Borneo

Rapid eco­nomic growth sus­tained in South­east Asia through­out the new mil­len­nium has led to a surge in large-​​scale infra­struc­ture projects to facil­i­tate indus­trial pro­duc­tiv­ity and con­sump­tion. The state of Sarawak, located along the north­ern coast of the island of Bor­neo, is the poor­est and most rural state in Malaysia but has long been a focal point for the devel­op­ment of large-​​scale hydro­elec­tric power. At least six dams are sched­uled to be com­pleted in Sarawak by 2020 as part of a high hydro-​​potential cor­ri­dor in cen­tral Sarawak. These forests have undis­puted global and local sig­nif­i­cance eco­log­i­cally, bio­log­i­cally and culturally.

In col­lab­o­ra­tion with local grass-​​roots renew­able project devel­op­ers and river pro­tec­tion groups we have explored the poten­tial for clean energy alter­na­tives in the state through an inte­gra­tion of mod­el­ing tools: (a) mod­el­ing long-​​term util­ity scale elec­tric­ity gen­er­a­tion alter­na­tives in East Malaysia to deter­mine trade-​​offs across dif­fer­ent tech­nolo­gies; (b) explor­ing the poten­tial for rural com­mu­ni­ties in dam-​​affected areas to sat­isfy energy access needs using local resources; © demon­strat­ing a rapid assess­ment method for esti­mat­ing the impact of mega-​​projects on bio­di­ver­sity. Each of these stud­ies pro­vides infor­ma­tion use­ful to the dis­cus­sion of alter­na­tives and fur­thers the analy­sis of green econ­omy costs and ben­e­fits. Our pub­lished find­ings have influ­enced pol­icy dis­cus­sions at the Min­is­te­r­ial level and a mora­to­rium against the Baram Dam was announced in 2015.

 

Media cov­er­age of our research and the Baram Dam Moratorium: 

The Bor­neo Project, March 21, 2016 — Fan­tas­tic new video on “Devel­op­ment with­out destruc­tion” in Sarawak.

Mongabay, Octo­ber 20, 2015 — Indige­nous anti-​​dam activists con­verge in Sarawak from around the globe

Sarawak Report, Sep­tem­ber 25, 2015 — BMF Press State­ment: Vic­tory, Mora­to­rium on the Baram Dam in Malaysia

The Bor­neo Post, Sep­tem­ber 27, 2015 — Small is Beau­ti­ful: The Peo­ple Matter

 

Media cov­er­age of our June 28, 2015 press con­fer­ence in Kuch­ing, Sarawak:

The Bor­neo Post, August 11, 2015 - Ade­nan wants SEB to light up the rural areas

The Malaysian Insider, July 31, 2015 - Ade­nan puts Baram dam on hold, agrees to lis­ten to natives’ grouses

Radio Free Sarawak, July 15, 2015 - “Sjotveit should be out”, say Sarawakians

The Malaysian Insider, July 14, 2015 - Stop Baleh dam ten­der until envi­ron­men­tal study scru­ti­nised, says Sarawak PKR

Mongabay​.com, July 8, 2015 - Sarawak can meet energy needs with­out mega-​​dams: report

BFM 89.9 — The Busi­ness Sta­tion (www​.bfm​.my), Radio and online inter­view, July 3, 2015, Clean energy options in East Malaysia

The Daily Express — East Malaysia, June 30, 2015 - Sarawak Mega Dam Project Study

The Bor­neo Post, June 29, 2015 - Bor­neo May See the End of Mega-​​Dams

The Malaysian Insider, June 29, 2015 - Activists say Ade­nan rethink­ing mega dams pol­icy in Sarawak

Free Malaysia Today, June 29, 2015 - Ade­nan May Drop Mega Dam Projects

The May­lay Mail, June 29, 2015 - CM pulls the brakes on Baram dam until he goes through detailed stud­ies, group claims

Inter­na­tional Rivers (2014). Bet­ter Solu­tions Than Megadams for Pow­er­ing Sarawak, Study Finds. World Rivers Review Vol 29. No 2. Page 5.

Ear­lier media cov­er­age of this work on energy alter­na­tives to coal and mega-​​hydropower projects includes this report in TIME Mag­a­zine:

Feb­ru­ary 22, 2011 — Bor­neo says no to dirty energy

Recent dis­cus­sions of the rela­tion­ship between mega-​​dams and earth­quakes has also been receiv­ing local cov­er­age in Bor­neo: http://​www​.the​bor​neo​post​.com/​2​0​1​5​/​0​6​/​2​8​/​d​a​m​s​-​f​a​u​l​t​-​l​i​n​e​s​-​a​n​d​-​q​u​a​k​es/

Cheng (Andy) Zheng

Andy Zheng grad­u­ated from U.C. Berke­ley in Decem­ber 2014 with a Ph.D. in Mechan­i­cal Engi­neer­ing. Super­vised by Prof. Daniel Kam­men, his main research inter­est is energy pol­icy in the global solar pho­to­voltaic (PV) indus­try, with a focus on the role of R&D fund­ing, inno­va­tion, and deploy­ment incen­tives on cost reduc­tion of the PV tech­nol­ogy. In addi­tion, he also con­ducts exper­i­ment to explore novel plat­forms for con­trolled nucle­ation and crys­tal­liza­tion of sil­i­con nanos­truc­tures, to improve the bottom-​​up approach in pro­duc­ing thin sil­i­con film for PV applications.

Upon grad­u­a­tion from Berke­ley, Andy founded the Aspir­ing Cit­i­zens Clean­tech (ACC) in Sin­ga­pore, with the vision of push­ing the global effort of tran­si­tion­ing to a sus­tain­able energy future. ACC’s approach is to pro­vide a full set of tech­nol­ogy, busi­ness model, and pol­icy inno­va­tions to assist gov­ern­ments in accel­er­at­ing this tran­si­tion. Andy’s pas­sion and vision, trans­lated into entre­pre­neur­ial actions, have been strongly influ­enced by many inspir­ing thought lead­ers from Berkeley.

 

Fingerman, Kevin

http://​www2​.hum​boldt​.edu/​e​n​v​i​r​o​n​m​e​n​t​/​f​a​c​u​l​t​y​-​a​n​d​-​s​t​a​f​f​/​d​r​.​-​k​e​v​i​n​-​f​i​n​g​e​r​man

My research is dri­ven by an inter­est in the broad-​​based envi­ron­men­tal and social impacts of energy tech­nolo­gies and poli­cies. This work seeks to make explicit the trade-​​offs that are often present between energy secu­rity, cli­mate, and other impor­tant social and envi­ron­men­tal objec­tives. In par­tic­u­lar, I have worked on issues at the water/​energy nexus, eval­u­at­ing the “water foot­prints” of a range of energy tech­nolo­gies. Water and energy are inex­tri­ca­bly linked, with elec­tric­ity gen­er­a­tion sec­ond only to agri­cul­ture in total global water with­drawals. This con­nec­tion is par­tic­u­larly acute for bioen­ergy, as it is by far the most water-​​intensive of all energy types. My research has employed life cycle assess­ment (LCA), agro-​​climatic mod­el­ing, and GIS tools to show that bio­fu­els rou­tinely require sev­eral orders of mag­ni­tude more water than petro­leum fuels while often pro­vid­ing only mod­est cli­mate benefit.

I approach my research with an eye toward imple­men­ta­tion. This has led me to work with Cal­i­for­nia reg­u­la­tory agen­cies on fuel pol­icy for­mu­la­tion and to serve as vice-​​chair of the Geneva-​​based Round­table on Sus­tain­able Bio­fu­els. Prior to com­ing to HSU, I worked in Rome for the United Nations Food and Agri­cul­ture Orga­ni­za­tion. While there, I pro­vided sup­port to the gov­ern­ments of Indone­sia and Colom­bia in eval­u­at­ing the envi­ron­men­tal and social impacts of their bio­fuel indus­tries, and in for­mu­lat­ing poli­cies to address those impacts.

Lipman, Timothy

Tim­o­thy E. Lip­man is an energy and envi­ron­men­tal tech­nol­ogy, eco­nom­ics, and pol­icy researcher and lec­turer with the Uni­ver­sity of Cal­i­for­nia — Berke­ley. He is serv­ing as Co-​​Director for the cam­pus’ Trans­porta­tion Sus­tain­abil­ity Research Cen­ter (TSRC), based at the Insti­tute of Trans­porta­tion Stud­ies, and also as Direc­tor of the U.S. Depart­ment of Energy Pacific Region Clean Energy Appli­ca­tion Cen­ter (PCEAC). Tim’s research focuses on electric-​​drive vehi­cles, fuel cell tech­nol­ogy, com­bined heat and power sys­tems, bio­fu­els, renew­able energy, and elec­tric­ity and hydro­gen energy sys­tems infrastructure.

Lip­man received his Ph.D. degree in Envi­ron­men­tal Pol­icy Analy­sis with the Grad­u­ate Group in Ecol­ogy at UC Davis (1999). He also has received an M.S. degree in the tech­nol­ogy track of the Grad­u­ate Group in Trans­porta­tion Tech­nol­ogy and Pol­icy, also at UC Davis (1998), and a B.A. from Stan­ford Uni­ver­sity (1990). His Ph.D. dis­ser­ta­tion titled “Zero-​​Emission Vehi­cle Sce­nario Cost Analy­sis Using A Fuzzy Set-​​Based Frame­work” received the Uni­ver­sity of Cal­i­for­nia Trans­porta­tion Center’s ‘Char­lie Wootan’ Ph.D. dis­ser­ta­tion award for 1999. He is also a 2005 Cli­mate Change Fel­low with the Woods Insti­tute at Stan­ford Uni­ver­sity, and he also received a 2004 Insti­tute of Trans­porta­tion Engi­neers ser­vice award, a 1998 NSF IGERT teach­ing fel­low­ship, a 1997 Uni­ver­sity of Cal­i­for­nia Trans­porta­tion Cen­ter Dis­ser­ta­tion Grant, a 1996 ENO Foun­da­tion Fel­low­ship, a 1995 Uni­ver­sity of Cal­i­for­nia Trans­porta­tion Cen­ter Dis­ser­ta­tion Grant, and a 1994 Chevron Foun­da­tion Fel­low­ship. A native of Golden, Col­orado, he grad­u­ated Cum Laude from Col­orado Acad­emy in 1986.

Margolis, Robert

http://​www​.nrel​.gov/​a​n​a​l​y​s​i​s​/​s​t​a​f​f​/​r​_​m​a​r​g​o​l​i​s​.​h​tml

Household Energy, Cookstoves and Health

Bio­mass fuels (wood, char­coal, dung, and agri­cul­tural residues) are vital to basic wel­fare and eco­nomic activ­ity in devel­op­ing nations, espe­cially in sub-​​Saharan Africa (SSA), where they meet more than 90% of house­hold energy needs in many nations. Com­bus­tion of bio­fu­els emit pol­lu­tants that cur­rently cause over 1.6 mil­lion annual deaths glob­ally (400,000 in SSA. Because most of these deaths are among chil­dren and women, bio­mass use is directly or indi­rectly related to mul­ti­ple Mil­len­nium Devel­op­ment Goals (MDGs), includ­ing envi­ron­men­tal sus­tain­abil­ity, reduc­ing child mor­tal­ity, and gen­der equity.

 

Taking indoor air pollution measurements in rural Kenya

Tak­ing indoor air pol­lu­tion mea­sure­ments in rural Kenya

Making charcoal, Kenya

Mak­ing char­coal, Kenya

Women gathering firewood, Zombe, Kenya

Women gath­er­ing fire­wood, Zombe, Kenya

The Information-​​Energy Nexus for Energy Access

Distributed energy and information (satellite TV) in Prizren, Kosovo

Dis­trib­uted energy and infor­ma­tion (satel­lite TV) in Prizren, Kosovo

Homes built in Juba, South Sudan showing the lack of infrastructure associated with these new units.

Homes built in Juba, South Sudan show­ing the lack of infra­struc­ture asso­ci­ated with these new units.

Making charcoal and mud fuel blocks in Kibera, Kenya

Mak­ing char­coal and mud fuel blocks in Kib­era, Kenya

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Energy & Resources Group
310 Barrows Hall
University of California
Berkeley, CA 94720-3050
Phone: (510) 642-1640
Fax: (510) 642-1085
Email: ergdeskb@berkeley.edu


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