Sam Miles is a Ph.D. student in the Energy and Resources Group, and in the Renewable and Appropriate Energy Lab at the University of California, Berkeley.
His research focus is at the intersection of the scalability challenge for electricity mini-grids and the socio-economic characteristics of urbanization in Africa, particularly for the artisans and entrepreneurs who constitute the ‘productive’ users of such energy systems. He will engage with these questions as an INFEWS (Innovations at the Nexus of Food, Energy, and Water Systems) NSF scholar.
Previous to life at ERG, Sam worked as a freelance writer covering technology in emerging markets, an educator at the African Leadership University in Mauritius, and as an international development consultant based in West Africa. He holds an MA in International Energy from Sciences Po — Paris and a BA in Ethics, Politics, and Economics from Yale.
At ERG Annelise has continued the study of community energy solutions, with both cooking and community extension services focal areas for her analytic and field studies.
Annelise Gill-Wiehl studied environmental engineering and international development studies at the University of Notre Dame. There, she worked with the Keough School of Global Affairs’ Associate Dean for Policy and Practice, Sara Sievers, through the Kellogg International Scholars Program. They investigated how to incorporate the preferential option for the poor into policy. Gill-Wiehl’s own research investigates energy infrastructure and the barriers to technology adoption. Gill-Wiehl and Professor Sievers piloted a Community Technology Program in Shirati, Tanzania through a Kellogg Research Grant.
While an undergraduate she interned for the Foundation of Sustainable Development in Masaka, Uganda. Additionally, Gill-Wiehl conducted roughly 200 household energy surveys through an Experiencing the World Fellowship to investigate energy infrastructure in Shirati. Her research interests are at the intersection of engineering and policy in the East African context. She hopes to pursue a PhD to further investigate these issues.
Thesis Title: Pilot of Community Technology Workers in Shirati, Tanzania
My interests range from the integration of renewables into existing grids,the possibility of indigenes (especially women) in rural communities producing their own power or at least understanding its workings and the interaction between science and policy making in developing countries. I would love to study in the Renewable & Appropriate Energy Laboratory (RAEL) or the Energy Modeling, Analysis and Control Group (EMAC)
Shuba is the co-director of the California Energy Commission sponsored project
“ Engaging Communities in the Design of Sustainable Energy and Localized Futures (SELF)”
Among her many publications are a number that addresses the energy-access-affordability-climate nexus, including:
- The California Demand Response: Potential Study, Phase 3; Brian F.Gerke,Giulia Gallo,Sarah J. Smith, Jingjing Liu, Peter Alstone, Shuba V. Raghavan, Peter Schwartz, Mary Ann Piette, Rongxin Yin and Sofia Stensson.
- Translating climate change and heating system electrification impacts on building energy use to future greenhouse gas emissions and electric grid capacity requirements in California; Brian Tarroja, Felicia Chiang, Amir AghaKouchak, Scott Samuelsen, Shuba V. Raghavan, Max Wei, Kaiyu Sunand Tianzhen Hong, Applied Energy, 2018, vol. 225, issue C, 522–534
- Building a Healthier and More Robust Future: 2050 Low-Carbon Energy Scenarios for California. California Energy Commission. Primary Authors: Max Wei, Shuba Raghavan, Patricia Hidalgo-Gonzalez, Contributing Authors: Rodrigo Henriquez Auba, Dev Millstein, Madison Hoffacker, Rebecca Hernandez, Eleonara Ruffini, Brian Tarroja, Amir Agha Kouchak, Josiah Johnston, Daniel Kammen, Julia Szinai, Colin Shepard, Anand Gopal, Kaiyu Sun, Tianzhen Hong, and Florin-Langer James. Publication Number: CEC-500‑2019-033; March 2019
- Pathways to Decarbonize Residential Water Heating in California, Shuba V Raghavan, Max Wei, Daniel Kammen, Energy Policy 109 (2017) 441–451
- Adoption of Solar Home Lighting Systems in India: What might we learn from Karnataka? Harish, Iychettira, Raghavan, Kandlikar, Energy Policy, Vol 62, November 2013, pp –697–706.
- Assessing the impact of the transition to Light Emitting Diodes based solar lighting systems in India, Santosh Harish, Shuba V Raghavan, Milind Kandlikar, Gireesh Shrimali, Energy for Sustainable Development, Volume 17, Issue 4, August 2013, pp. 363–370.
Hilary received her B.A. in Government and Biological Sciences, with a concentration in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology in the latter, from Cornell University, where she graduated in 2015. At ERG, Hilary is interested in exploring the science-law nexus and the factors – political, economic, and social – that inform the translation of science into legislation. Her academic interests additionally include topics in sustainable development, climate change education, restoration ecology, water and energy efficiency, and environmental justice. Hilary was previously involved in researching energy and wildlife issues as an intern with the NRDC’s Northern Rockies office, and in the year before coming to ERG, she spent some time pursuing another passion, working in Malawi on a death penalty sentence rehearing project. Hilary is a Gates Foundation Millennium Fellow.
Akol Kuan is a civil engineering major and MaserCard Foundation Scholar at UC Berkeley.
In RAEL, Akol is focusing on the design and operation of clean energy mini-grids for refugee communities, with a project focused on the UNHCR Kakuma Refugee Camp. Kakuma is a town in northwestern Turkana County, Kenya. It is the site of a UNHCR refugee camp, established in 1969. The population of Kakuma town was over 180,000 in 2016, having grown from around 8,000 in 1990.
The ongoing debate over the cost-effectiveness of renewable energy (RE) and energy efficiency (EE) deployment often hinges on the current cost of incumbent fossil-fuel technologies versus the long-term benefit of clean energy alternatives. This debate is often focused on mature or ‘industrialized’ economies and externalities such as job creation. In many ways, however, the situation in developing economies is at least as or even more interesting due to the generally faster current rate of economic growth and of infrastructure deployment. On the one hand, RE and EE could help decarbonize economies in developing countries, but on the other hand, higher upfront costs of RE and EE could hamper short-term growth. The methodology developed in this paper confirms the existence of this trade-off for some scenarios, yet at the same time provides considerable evidence about the positive impact of EE and RE from a job creation and employment perspective. By extending and adopting a methodology for Africa designed to calculate employment from electricity generation in the U.S., this study finds that energy savings and the conversion of the electricity supply mix to renewable energy generates employment compared to a reference scenario. It also concludes that the costs per additional job created tend to decrease with increasing levels of both EE adoption and RE shares.