PublicationJournal Article An analytic framework to assess future electricity options in Kosovo

October 17, 2016
Publication Type:
Journal Article

We have devel­oped an ana­lytic plat­form to ana­lyze the elec­tric­ity options, costs, and impacts for Kosovo, a nation that is a crit­i­cal part of the debate over cen­tral­ized ver­sus dis­trib­uted elec­tric­ity gen­er­a­tion and the role of fos­sil fuels ver­sus cleaner elec­tric­ity options to meet grow­ing demands for power. We find that a range of alter­na­tives exists to meet present sup­ply con­straints all at a lower cost than con­struct­ing a pro­posed 600 MW coal plant. The options include energy effi­ciency mea­sures, com­bi­na­tions of solar PV, wind, hydropower, and bio­mass, and the intro­duc­tion of nat­ural gas. A 30 EUR ton–1 shadow price on CO2 increases costs of coal gen­er­a­tion by at least 330 mil­lion EUR. The results indi­cate that financ­ing a new coal plant is the most expen­sive path­way to meet future elec­tric­ity demand.

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